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Vedic Period for UPSC, BPSc, UPPSC

Rig Vedic Period : Most Important Points

Most important points about Rig Vedic Period

Rig Vedic Period : Most Important Points for Prelims

Rig Vedic Period - Timeline
  • The period from 1500 BC to 600 BC is considered as Vedic Period which is divided into two parts :

    • Early Vedic Period or Rig Vedic Period (1500 B.C -1000 B.C) 
    • Later Vedic Period (1000B.C – 600 B.C). 
Rig Vedic Period - Political Organization
  • Kula - Grama - Vis - Jana
  • Kulapa - Gramini - Vishayapati - Rajana
  • Two important bodies :
    • Sabha - Council of elders and advised the king on administration
    • Samiti - A general assembly, included common people
Rig Vedic Period - Society
  • Rig Vedic society was patriarchal
  • Monogamy was prevalent whereas polygamy was also practiced among the royal and noble families.
  • Women were provided with equal opportunities as men for their spiritual and intellectual development.
  • The practices of child marriage and sati were absent.
  • Soma and Sura(intoxicating) were the two popular liquors.
  • Chariot racing, horse racing, dicing, music and dance were the favourite pastimes. 
  • The social divisions were not rigid during the Rig Vedic period as it was based on occupation
Rig Vedic Period - Religion
  • Rig Vedic Aryans personified the natural forces  like earth, fire, wind, rain and thunder as gods and worshipped them.
  • Important Rig Vedic gods:
    • Indra –  Most important God and was also known as Purandara (the destroyer of forts) and God of rain.

    • Agni (Fire) –  Second in importance. He  was regarded as the intermediary between the Gods and the worshipper.

    • Varuna (Rain) – He was supposed to be the upholder of the natural order.

    • Vayu  – Wind

    • Maruts – Storm

    • There were also  few female gods like Aditi and Ushas.

  • No temples and no idol worship 

Rig Vedic Period - Economic Condition
  • Rig Vedic Aryans were primarily pastoral people
  • Wealth was estimated in terms of cattle as cattle was synonymous with wealth.
  • The economy was based upon agriculture. 
  • Workers in metal made a variety of articles with copper (was known as ‘Ayas’), bronze and iron ( was known as Krishna Ayas).
  • Spinning and pottery were another important occupation.
  • Gold was known as ‘Hiranya’.
  • Trade was an important economic activity which was conducted through the barter system. 
  • Gold coins known as ‘Nishka’ were also used as a medium of exchange.

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