Most important MCQs from the chapter – Historical Background of Indian Constitution MCQs.
Indian Polity MCQs – 5 (Preamble of the Indian constitution)
Preamble of the Indian constitution MCQs with answers and explanations for preparation of UPSC, BPSC, UPPSC and other State PSC Examinations
Free Mock Tests
Build Your Basics
1. Which of the following describes India as a secular state?
(a) Fundamental rights
(b) Directive principles of state policy
(c) Fifth schedule
(d) Preamble of the constitution
Correct Answer – (d) Preamble of the constitution
- The Preamble of our constitution declares India to be a secular state.
- The term ‘Secular’ was added to the Preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976.
- Indian secularism is influenced by the core Gandhian principle of ‘Sarva Dharma Sambhava’ meaning ‘equal respect for all religions.
2. Which of the following amendment acts amended the Preamble of the Indian constitution?
(a) 44th Amendment act
(b) 42nd Amendment act
(c) 56th Amendment act
(d) It has never been amended
Correct Answer – (b) 42nd Amendment act
- So far, the Preamble has been amended only once by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976, which added three new words:
3. The Supreme Court held that the Preamble is not a part of the constitution in which of the following cases/case?
(a) Berubari Union case (1960)
(b) Unni Krishnan vs Union of India
(c) Minerva Mills vs. The union of India and other states
(d) Sunil Batra vs. Delhi government
Correct Answer – (a) Berubari Union case (1960)
- In the Berubari union Case Supreme Court held that Preamble is not a part of the Constitution of India. The Supreme Court gave its judgment in 1960.
- However, In the historic Kesavananda Bharati case (1973), The Supreme Court held that the Preamble is a part of the Constitution and reversed its previous opinion given in the Berubari Union case.
4. Consider the following statements about the Preamble of the Constitution and state which of them are correct with the help of given codes :
- The objective resolution proposed by Pt. Nehru ultimately became the Preamble.
- It is not justiciable in nature.
- It cannot be amended.
(a) 1 & 2 only
(b) 1,2 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) All of the above
Correct Answer – (a) 1 & 2 only
- The Preamble of our Constitution is based on the ‘Objectives Resolution’, drafted by Pandit Nehru and adopted by the Constituent Assembly in 1946.
- In Kesavananda Bharati Vs The State of Kerala case, it was laid down by the Supreme Court that the Preamble of the Indian Constitution can be amended under article 368.
- However those parts of the preamble which contain basic features can not be amended.
- Preamble is not justiciable in nature.
5. The Preamble of the Indian constitution originally adopted on 26th November 1949 did not include the terms :
Select the correct answer from the codes given below :
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 4
(d) 3 and 4
6. The idea of preamble has been borrowed in Indian Constitution from the Constitution of
Correct Answer – (d) U.S.A.
- The idea of preamble to the Indian constitution has been borrowed from the constitution of the United States of America.
- The American Constitution was the first constitution to start with a Preamble.
7. The Constitution of India provides following for its citizens:
(a) Social, Political and Religious justice
(b) Rocial, Economic and Cultural justice
(c) Social, Economic and Political justice
(d) Economic and Political justice
Correct Answer – (c) Social, Economic and Political justice
- The Preamble states that the objectives constitution of India is to provide following justices to the people:
- Social Justice – Meaning equal treatment of all citizens without any social distinction based on caste, color, race, religion, sex and so on.
- Economic Justice – Meaning no discrimination/inequalities on the basis of economic factors such as wealth, income and property.
- Political Justice – Meaning all citizens have equal political rights.
8. Which of the following terms is not used in the Preamble of our Constitution ?
Correct Answer – (c) Federal
- The term Federal is not used in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.
- All other terms Republic, Socialist, Integrity are used in the constitution.
9. Which one of the following liberties is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?
(a) Liberty of thought
(b) Liberty of expression
(c) Liberty of belief
(d) Liberty of Money
Correct Answer – (d) Liberty of Money
- Liberty of Money is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India
- The Preamble provides to all citizens of India liberty of:
10. Consider the following statements in regard to the preamble of the Constitution of India;
- It provides political equality to its citizens.
- It provides liberty of faith to its citizens.
- It is given by the citizens of India to themselves.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Correct Answer – (d) 1, 2 and 3
- Preamble to the constitution of India is given by the people of India to themselves.
- The Preamble sets the objective of the constitution to provide its citizens justice(Social, Economic, Political), liberty(Thought, Expression, Belief, Faith and Worship) and equality.
Also Read in Indian Polity MCQs :
Most important MCQs from the chapter – Making of Indian Constitution MCQs.
Most important MCQs from the chapter – Salient Features Of The Indian Constitution MCQs.
Most important MCQs from the chapter – Sources of Indian Constitution MCQs.