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Size and Location of India

Indian Geography short notes – Size and Location of India notes for UPSC Prelims and other examinations

Location of India: 

  • Entirely in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • Between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E. Southern boundary extends up to 6°45′ N latitude in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) divides India into almost two equal parts.

Size of India: 

  • 2.4% of the total geographical area of the world. 
  • 7th largest country in the world by area.
  • Land frontiers of India measure  – 15,200 km.
  • Total length of the coastline – 7,516.6 km.
  • Standard Meridian of India – 82°30’E (Passes through Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh).
  • Latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India – About 29 degrees.
  • North to south – 3,214 km .
  • East to west – 2,933 km.
  • Northern most point –  Indira Col in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Southernmost point – Indira Point, situated in Campbell bay in Great Nicobar Island.
  • Easternmost point of India – Kibithu in the Anjaw district of  Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Westernmost point of India – Guhar Moti in the Kutch district of Gujarat.

Neighbors of India:

  • Pakistan and Afghanistan in the Northwest
  • China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the North
  • Myanmar and Bangladesh in the East
  • Sri Lanka and Maldives in the South
  • Longest boundary with Bangladesh 

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